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Oligospermia is a male fertility issue defined as a low sperm concentration in the ejaculate. Low sperm concentration or “sperm count” is the number of sperm in a prescribed volume of ejaculate. As per World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, a low sperm count is less than 20 million sperm/ml.


Level of Oligospermia- Low Sperm Count: 

In the latest statement of semen quality (2010), the WHO now considers a sperm count of 15 million sperm/ml to be low for fertile men.


What is the Meaning of a Low Sperm Count?

Having a low sperm suggests that it may be difficult to conceive naturally. It does not necessarily mean that it will be harder to conceive. Remember, it takes two to conceive and the health of the female partner matters significantly for conception. In addition, no exact correlation exists between the severity of oligospermia and conception rates. In summary, the most important points about the sperm count and fertility are:

Reference ranges for sperm counts are defined in fertile (not infertile) men.

Except when no sperm are found, the sperm count is not a good measure of fertility.

Many men conceive without trouble having low sperm counts.


The main sign of low sperm count is the inability to conceive a child. Often, there are no other obvious signs or symptoms. In some cases, however, an underlying problem such as an inherited hormonal imbalance or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm may cause signs and symptoms. Low sperm count symptoms may include:

The inability to conceive a child

Problems with sexual function for example, low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)

Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area

Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosome or hormone abnormality


Causes of Oligospermia:

Following are the causes or underlying conditions that could possibly cause Oligospermia includes:

Causes of temporarily reduced sperm 

  High Fever

► High temperatures

► Certain drugs

Certain Poisons

► Certain hormonal conditions

► Certain severe illnesses


Excessive Alcohol

Recreational drug use


Varicose veins around the testes

Inflammation of the testes

Radiation exposure



Risk Factors of Oligospermia:


A number of risk factors are linked to low sperm count and other problems that can cause low sperm count. They include:

Being age 35 or older

Smoking tobacco

Abusing alcohol

Using certain illegal drugs

Being overweight

Being underweight

Having certain past or present infections

Being exposed to toxins

Overheating the testicles

Having a prior vasectomy or vasectomy reversal

Being born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder

Having certain medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses

Undergoing medical treatments, such as surgery or radiation for cancer

Taking certain medications

Bicycling for long periods, especially on a hard seat or poorly adjusted bicycle


Treatment of Oligospermia:

You can visit Imran'z Medical Center for a complete detailed evaluation of the sperm count and the causation. Imran'z Medical Center offers specialized treatment protocol for the treatment of Oliospermia.


Our Mission Statement: 

Our mission is to share our valuable knowledge with other couples who are struggling with these problems. If you are in this situation, the most important thing to know is that you are the most powerful player in this game. What you can do for yourself is life changing. Only you have the chance to recover balance naturally.